Terms of Use

a2ru-Mellon SPARC data portal and repository

The data for the a2ru-Mellon SPARC project are hosted and indexed by the Alliance for the Arts in Research Universities (a2ru). a2ru requires the data consumer to comply with access regulations imposed both by law and by the data repository, and to conform to codes of conduct that are generally accepted in higher education and scientific, artistic, and scholarly research for the exchange of knowledge and information.

These data are distributed under the following terms of use, which are governed by a2ru. By accessing data, you signify your agreement to comply with the requirements stated below:


Any intentional identification of individual respondents or unauthorized disclosure of his or her confidential information is a violation of these terms of use. Therefore, users of data agree:

  • To use these datasets solely for research or statistical purposes and not for investigation of specific individual respondents, except when identification is authorized in writing by a2ru and the individual concerned. (sparc-support@umich.edu )

  • To make no use of the identity of any RESEARCH SUBJECT discovered inadvertently in a way that would cause intentional or unintentional harm, and to advise a2ru of any such discovery or harm(sparc-support@umich.edu )

Citing Data

You agree to reference the recommended bibliographic citation in any publication that employs resources provided by a2ru or its respective authors. Authors of publications based on the SPARC data are required to send citations of their published works to a2ru for inclusion in a database of related publications (sparc-support@umich.edu) .


You acknowledge that the original collector of the data, a2ru, the University of Michigan. and the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation bear no responsibility for use of the data or for interpretations or inferences based upon such uses.


If a2ru determines that the terms of this agreement have been violated, sanctions can include:

  • a2ru may revoke the existing agreement, demand the return of the data in question, and deny all future access to a2ru data.

  • The violation may be reported to the Research Integrity Officer, Institutional Review Board, or Human Subjects Review Committee of the user's institution. A range of sanctions are available to institutions including revocation of tenure and termination.

  • If the confidentiality of human subjects has been violated, the case may be reported to the Federal Office for Human Research Protections. This may result in an investigation of the user's institution, which can result in institution-wide sanctions including the suspension of all research grants.

  • A court may award the payment of damages to any individual(s)/organization(s) harmed by the breach of the agreement.